Our Waters

The waters off Alabama’s Gulf Coast are an important part of both the lifestyle and the economy here. The flat, sandy bottom of the northern Gulf Coast is enhanced by a variety of artificial reefs which provide increased habitat for many species as well as excellent fishing and diving opportunities.

Gulf of Mexico Facts:

  • The Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest body of water in North America, encompassing a total area of 600,000 square miles.
  • Two-thirds of the fresh water from the United States, part of Canada via the Mississippi River, half of Mexico and a portion of Guatemala drains into the Gulf of Mexico.
  • The Gulf of Mexico contains half the nation's wetlands and provides critical habitats for 75% of the nation’s migratory waterfowl.
  • Sea turtles, whales and countless other vertebrates and invertebrates also inhabit the Gulf's waters.
  • The Gulf of Mexico averages 5,000 feet deep, with its deepest point being Sigsbee Deep at 12,425 feet. The Gulf of Mexico yields a majority of the oil and natural gas produced in the United States and supports a multi-billion dollar seafood industry.

*GOM Facts courtesy of the Estuarium at Dauphin Island Sea Lab*

Our Reefs

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